The causes of cerebral palsy are multiple but the cause is unknown in 40% of cases.
Cerebral palsy is the result of a combination of events occurring either before, during or after birth that can lead to an injury in a baby’s developing brain.
These events include complications of a difficult delivery, neonatal stroke, but also an infection or illness during pregnancy (such as rubella, toxoplasmosis or side effects of certain medication) or during the first month of the child (meningitis for example, but also the consequences of trauma due to abuse).
These events will cause a decrease or even a stop of the supply of blood or oxygen to certain parts of the brain (it is referred to as anoxia-ischemia), or a cerebral haemorrhage, causing brain lesions.
These lesions are irreversible, and will cause the various motor, sensory or cognitive disorders experienced by individuals throughout their life.